With certain denominations, the above question can determine where a follower of Christ will devote their time in worship. The apostle Paul instructed Timothy to ‘take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine (teaching) and continue in them’. 1 Timothy 4:16 with further advice that in doing this, Timothy would save not only himself, but those that would hear him.
Church Of God 7th Day, as well as other (mainly) Sabbath keeping denominations teach that Christ was crucified on Wednesday from the following verses of scripture;
Matthew 12:39. But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
Mark 8:31 And he began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.
The above verses are used with the following that Jesus said, to determine the duration of the time of the ‘sign of Jonas’….
John 11:9. Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.
C.O.G 7th Day reason that because Jesus said three days and three nights, and twelve hours make the day, therefore this can only mean that there are twelve hours in the night also, so therefore this is simple arithmetic, the day is made up of 12 hours of day light and 12 hours of darkness equal to 24 hours. Multiply this by three, and this equals 72 hours. So hence, Jesus was crucified on Wednesday and raised before the close of the Sabbath on the Saturday. The following verse is used to substantiate this;
Matthew 28:1.In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
There is a major ‘flaw’ in this calculation, in that if the sign of Jonah was a literal three days and three nights, then this in- turn can mean only one thing, that Jesus was raised on the FOURTH day!
We really need to be like the ‘Berean’ Acts 17:10-11 and study what the scriptures reveal about these matters to search and see, whether these matters are true.
Day 1 Day 1 is the day that Jesus was crucified, it was also called the day of the preparation of the Sabbath in the following verses….
Mark 15:42-43 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, (43) Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
Luke 23:54-55 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. (55) And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid.
We also know that this was not only the preparation day for the regular weekly Sabbath day, but also for the first day of the Passover celebration from the following verses;
John 19:14. And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
John 19:31.The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
John 19:42. There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews’ preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.
C.O.G 7th Day teach that the week that Jesus was crucified, there were two sabbath days. That one was an annual feast day sabbath for the Passover, see Leviticus
23:7, and that the other was the regular weekly Sabbath day.
Does the Bible reveal that there were two sabbath rest days in and around the time that Jesus was crucified and resurrected? Let’s take a look and see.
Directly after the Lord had been laid to rest in the sepulchre by Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus (see John 19: 38-42) the women saw where the Lord was laid and returned and prepared spices and ointments (Luke 23:55-56).
What then, did the women do? See the following.. verse 56. And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
The Sabbath according to the “commandment” was decreed in the Ten Commandments: “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labour and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God.” (Exod. 20:8-10; also Deut. 5:12-14) That Sabbath was also the commanded weekly Sabbath. The Sabbath according to the Commandment was specifically tied to the seventh day. The rests, or ‘Sabbaths,’ for the fast and festivals were ordained in the Law, and not according to the Commandment. Yeshua / Jesus was most certainly crucified on a Friday. Do we have further confirmation that this was the regular weekly Sabbath? Absolutely
Mark 16:1 ¶ And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
We know that the women had already obtained certain of the spices and ointments directly after the Lord had been laid in the sepulchre (day 1) from this verse in Luke 23:56.And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
Had they bought them on that first day with there being so little time left in the day before the Sabbath began? I believe that they had indeed, for the following reason;
John 19:39-40 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. (40) Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
Joseph and Nicodemus were able to acquire ‘about a hundred pound weight’, a mixture of myrrh and aloes, a very substantial weight in a very short time, so this proves that these burial herbs and spices were readily available and close-by, to purchase. Certain ‘sweet spices’ (Mark 16:1) were bought by Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Joses and Salome after the Sabbath had past. The sweet spices, the women most likely didn’t have enough time to buy, and didn’t want to break the commandment by buying on the Sabbath. Wait a minute! Did I just say break the commandment? I really meant to say, break Nehemiah’s commandment! See the following;
Neh 13:16 Men of Tyre dwelt there also, who brought in fish and all kinds of goods, and sold [them] on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. (17) Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said to them, “What evil thing [is] this that you do, by which you profane the Sabbath day? (18) Did not your fathers do thus, and did not our God bring all this disaster on us and on this city? Yet you bring added wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.(19) So it was, at the gates of Jerusalem, as it began to be dark before the Sabbath, that I commanded the gates to be shut, and charged that they must not be opened till after the Sabbath. Then I posted [some] of my servants at the gates, [so that] no burdens would be brought in on the Sabbath day.
As we can see through the Word of God, the Commandments of Yahweh concerning the Sabbath observance are quiet with regards to buying and selling on the hallowed day. It was only through the intervention of Nehemiah that these ‘ground rules’ were put in place. Nehemiah even pleaded with Yahweh, that he would be ‘remembered’ for his actions of outlawing, the actions of buying or selling on the blessed Sabbath (7th) day.
See the following…..
Neh 13:22 And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and that they should go and guard the gates, to sanctify the Sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, [concerning] this also, and spare me according to the greatness of Your mercy! Of course, Yahweh did indeed remember Nehemiah, by giving him a whole book, in the Holy Bible!
After the women had prepared the spices and ointments that they were able to purchase on day 1, which was the day of the preparation of the Sabbath (the short time that remained of the day after Jesus was laid in the sepulchre, and the beginning of the Sabbath) They rested on this day according to the Commandment. The rest of the ‘sweet’ spices that they did not have time to purchase in this short interval, they bought after the Sabbath was over.
See Mark 16:1.
Whilst the women rested, the chief priests and Pharisees had other, far more pressing matters at hand to deal with. This day was not only the sabbath regular, but it was the first day of the Passover, yet these men were going to see a gentile by way of Pontius Pilate! It was most certainly on the second day that this happened, and how do we know this? Because the Bible reveals it. See the following;
Matthew 27:62. Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
So why were these ‘prominent’ Jews going not only on their precious sabbath day, but going on what the apostle John calls a ‘high day’ (See John 19:31) because of the fact that this particular sabbath day fell on the first day of the feast of Passover/ unleavened bread? As well as, to speak to a gentile, of all people! Let’s see what the reason was shall we? See the following;
Matthew 27:63. Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. (64) Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
The chief priests and Pharisees were paranoid that the disciples of Jesus were going to steal the body of what they fully believed to be a ‘false messiah’ from the sepulchre that particular night, and make it look as if he had risen from the dead!
In other words, they looked at that night, the SECOND NIGHT to be the last ‘window of opportunity’ for the ‘sign of Jonas’ to be fulfilled by way of Jesus’ followers stealing his body from the sepulchre. How did they know of this sign? Because Jesus said it to them! See the following;
Matthew 12:38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
Note… The chief priests and the Pharisees asked Pilate to make the sepulchre ‘sure’ UNTIL THE THIRD DAY, and not until after the third night. See Matthhew 12:40
Day 3 Day 3 began in the end of the Sabbath as according to Matthew 28:1. The guards that the chief priests and Pharisees had requested to make the sepulchre of Jesus ‘sure’ (Matthew 27:64) were busy doing their job, whilst the women (after the Sabbath) had bought the rest of the ‘sweet spices’ that were needed for the anointing of Jesus’ body, which would be carried out the following morning at first light. This can be seen in the following verses..
Matthew 28:1In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.
Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him. (2) And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
Luke 24:1 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.
John 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
The overwhelming ‘proof’ that these visits were in the morning of the first day of the week, known to us as Sunday, can be found in the following verse…
John 20:15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.
When Mary turned herself back and saw Jesus standing there, not knowing that it was Jesus, who did Mary suppose that Jesus was? The GARDENER! If this was at the close of the Sabbath as C.O.G 7th Day teach that it was, then why did the Holy Spirit have a gardener about his business on the Sabbath/ close of the Sabbath? Furthermore, casting aside religious persuasion, and regardless of whether or not this was a Jew or gentile, how many gardeners in that era and without the discovery of artificial light would be going about his business of gardening in the dark? This was obviously in the MORNING, and that morning was indeed the Sunday morning.
In finishing…The Bible says that Jesus was our Passover lamb.. 1 Corinthians 5:7. Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
The Bible says that Jesus was our unleavened bread…John 6:51. I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
The Bible says that Christ is our firstfruits… 1 Corinthians 15:20, & 23. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. (23) But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.
When were the ‘firstfruits’ taken from the field to be presented before Yahweh in the Temple?
Leviticus 23:10-11. Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Leviticus 23:11. And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: ON THE MORROW AFTER THE SABBATH the priest shall wave it.
Jesus is our Firstfruits and He came to fulfill the feasts of Yahweh. Here is the Biblical proof that Jesus presented Himself as the Firstfruits of them that slept and was raised to eternal life…
John 20:16-17. Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master. (17) Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
If the Lord Jesus did not fulfill the feasts as to the letter of the Law (Torah) then in-turn, He would not be the true Messiah. Jesus was raised from the dead, or became the firstfruits of them that slept and here is further proof of this fact…
Matthew 27:50-53. Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. (51) And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; (52) And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, (53) And came out of the graves AFTER HIS RESURRECTION, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
Jesus’ first coming fulfilled the spring Feasts of Yahweh outlined in Leviticus chapter 23. Jesus’ second coming will be the fulfillment of the ‘fall’ or autumn feasts out-lined in the same chapter.
There are several phrases which are synonymous with the resurrection of Christ which include the following; ‘after three days’, ‘ three days and nights’, ‘on the third day’, ‘the third day’ , and ‘until the third day’.
Here are some other places in the Old Testament where these terms can be seen.
Esther 4:16. Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
So Esther went to the king after three days and three nights, on the fourth day right?
Esther 5:1. Now it came to pass ON THE THIRD DAY, that Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king’s house, over against the king’s house: and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
2 Chronicles 10:5. And he (Rehoboam) said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed. So Israel with Jeroboam came back to Rehoboam on the fourth day right?
2 Chronicles 10:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day.
In conclusion. Let’s see what Jesus’ definition of the third day is (parenthesis mine)
Luke 13:32. And he said unto them, Go ye, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day (Friday) and to morrow, (Saturday) and the third day (Sunday) I shall be perfected.
Put simply the third day going forwards = the day after tomorrow. Going backwards= the day before yesterday. Shalom.
By Adrian. aka adysaxman77 (You Tube) Website= http://miraclesofyeshua.ning.com/